Valentinas Brandišauskas. Lietuvos žydų turto likimas Antrojo pasaulinio karo metai



Šis straipsnis yra logiškas publikacijos „Žydų nuosavybės bei turto konfiskavimas ir naikinimas Lietuvoje Antrojo pasaulinio karo metais“*  tęsinys. Jame, remiantis Lietuvos archyvų dokumentais, bendrais bruožais aptariami Rozenbergo štabo Lietuvoje uždaviniai ir veikla, aiškinamasi žydų kultūros vertybių, nekilnojamojo bei kilnojamojo turto likimas įvairiose Lietuvos apskrityse. (TĘSINĮ SKAITYKITE ŽURNALE „GENOCIDAS IR REZISTENCIJA“)


The Fate of Lithuanian Jews’ Assets during the Second World War


The cultural assets of Lithuanian Jews were registered by the staff of Rosenberg headquarters whose branches were established in Vilnius and Kaunas. The most valuable manuscripts, incunabula, museum pieces, collections of Jews folklore, photographs, newspaper collections and other assets were moved to Germany. The less valuable Judaica was destroyed on the spot; it was burnt and takent to paper mills. There were also the archives of Jewish communities, their libraries registered and expropriated, the synagogues registered all over Lithuania. They fell under the control of local administrations, i.e. local district administrators, the elders, burgomasters and other officials, some of them became temporary storehouses of the remaining Jewish assets, or were transferred to schools and other institutions.

The Commissar General in Kaunas passed a decree according to which all the remaining assets of Jews had to be recorded. Information was collected about the former Jewish farms, their size, the livestock and other properties, and the new owners. Most Jewish farms were taken over by private individuals. The houses were permitted to be rented to various institutions, to local residents who had suffered from the war, and other private individuals.

Personal property would be most often turned over to individuals through auctions. The property was also acquired by individual institutions; it would also be given out to war refugees, and to the poor. The most common goods were clothes, housewares, furniture; less common things included sewing machines, bicycles, chandeliers, pianos. Even though the properties were to be registered and reserved until a special order, it was often embezzled. The money received for the sold Jewish property would be sent to the special account of the commissar or head of the district. The Jewish medical instruments would most often be given over to local dispensaries and hospitals.

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I PRADZIAAtnaujinta: 2004-03-10
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