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 Aukų str. 2A, LT-01113 Vilnius, Lithuania,  tel./fax: +370 5 249 8156, e-mail: muziejus@genocid.lt
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The unarmed anti-Soviet resistance

The collection of unarmed resistance is still not abundant at the museum; it is being supplemented gradually and handled. Its basis consists of the material confiscated by the KGB from dissidents or citizens sympathizing with them: books, underground publications, and documents. In the past years, interesting photographs, reflecting the dissident movement and participants of that movement, have been acquired. The contacts, established with the former dissidents, inspire hopes that the collection will be supplemented with valuable and interesting material.


Documents. In this group of the collection, statements and addresses of underground organizations to the Soviet Union government and various international organizations are stored. One of the more interesting exhibits is the request of Lithuanian Catholics to return the nationalized Church of the Queen of Peace in Klaipėda, signed by 143,869 believers, which was bound into the thick volume. In 1979, sent to the Chairman of the USSR Supreme Council Leonid Brezhnev, the request was deposited in the KGB drawers.
Another large part of that group is made of the references of the KGB staff on the confiscated underground press.


Request of Lithuanian Catholics to return the nationalized Church of the Queen of Peace in Klaipėda


A protest meeting against the Soviet occupying army.
Vilnius, 17 November 1990

Photographs. The major part in this group of the collection consists of the photographs from the National Revival Movement period. In part of them, taken by the KGB employees, unsanctioned gatherings and the first Lithuanian Reform Movement meetings are fixed. Without interfering the chasing of meeting participants, the KGB employees took photographs of them and put down their speeches. In some photographs the meeting participants were numbered and identified.
Photographs, reflecting the unarmed resistance in the 1950s–1980s were acquired in most cases from its participants and constitute a small part in this group.


Objects. This is not numerous, but very versatile group. Here are the personal items of the participants of the unarmed resistance, national symbols confiscated by the KGB, typewriters, other prohibited things, placards and banners used in the 1988–1990 meetings, arms and personal relics of the Parliament defenders.


“Molotov Cocktail”, made by Arvydas Sekmokas, one of the defenders of the parliament.
January 1991



Literature, circulated by self-publication in the 1960s–1980s

Publications.This is the most abundant group of the collection. Its major part consists of underground periodicals and other copied self-publication literature, confiscated from dissidents or people sympathizing them. At the present moment, more than 400 units of the underground periodicals are stored in the museum: almost all issues of The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, underground journals and newspapers Aušra, Vytis, Rūpintojėlis, Alma Mater, Dievas ir Tėvynė, Tiesos kelias, etc. A separate part of the group consists of the not periodical self-publications. The museum keeps both original and translated self-publication texts of different genres (from poetry and fiction works to social, religious or ethical studies) and sizes (from single pages to brochures and books). They are produced and copied by various means: printed with the typewriter, copied by various copying machines, self-made apparatus, re-photographed and even printed by typographical equipment.

© Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras.
Created by: „Teratekas”